Cacao Industry Profile
Cacao is popularly linked with chocolates. In the Philippines, cacao beans are often processed into a “tableya,” a traditional chocolate confection used in making desserts. Among the Asian countries, the Philippines has a competitive advantage for cacao production due to its strategic location, good climatic conditions, and favorable soil. However, despite its competitive advantage, cacao production in the country can still not meet the current requirements of the growing cacao-based industry due to several problems affecting the industry. Thus, it resorts to importing cacao beans from other producing countries.
Based on data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the Philippines produced 9,341 MT of cacao beans in 2020. The Davao region is the top producer with 7,258 MT of cacao beans, followed by Central Luzon and Zamboanga Peninsula with cacao bean production of 338 MT and 329 MT, respectively.
Problems in the Industry
Some of the identified impediments to cacao production in the country include non-availability of correctly labeled high yielding varieties (HYVs) for planting, thus, farmers frequently resort to planting low yielding and poor quality planting materials; inadequate information on the genetic characterization for specific cacao traits that will improve yield and quality of beans. Low survival and yield in the nursery and plantation due to pest and disease infestation, and inadequate preventive and control measures against pests and diseases; low yield due to unproductive or old cacao plantations; unavailability of reliable maps and information on existing cacao plantings and suitable areas for cacao growing; availability of appropriate innovative equipment to detect defects at early stage of cacao processing to avoid low quality products and improper waste management in cacao post-harvest and processing.
ISP for Cacao
of smallholder cacao farmers in the countryside.
Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits
Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources
A device was developed that can measure the quality of wet cacao beans prior to fermentation and good quality beans. The instrument comprises several sensors that measure the sugar content,...Read More
Technology Transfer Initiatives
Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of R&D and innovations are transformed
into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users
This project is a technology transfer initiative to showcase the technology convergence of the latest S&T practices for cacao rehabilitation in Davao Oriental. It also integrates a component of emergency...Read More
This project is only a small part of the on-going agroforestry program of CBMSF. This program presents a long-term livelihood option for the Kanawan Aytas that aims to guarantee protection...Read More
The project aims to enhance and sustain the operations of the Intellectual Property and Technology Business Development Office (IP-TBM) at the Caraga State University (CSU). The project involves the following:...Read More
Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) is a tree crop that is highly suitable in different crop production systems (intercropping or multi-story farming, agroforestry, etc.). In 2008, cacao was given priority and...Read More
Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities
Policy Research & Advocacy
Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
Competitiveness of Philippine Cacao Production under the ASEAN Economic Community
Producing cacao in the country was found to be cheaper relative to importing from other countries, which makes Philippine cacao competitive under the import substitution scenario. This implies that the country should focus on improving the local industry. Sadly, results show that the country will lose its import competitiveness if yield (1.50 mt/ha) declines by only 9 percent. However, it also highlighted that the country is close to becoming export competitive if given a 2 percent increase in yield or a 2 percent decrease in domestic cost.
Lapiña, G. F. and Andal, E. T. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Crops Sector. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources