Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform

Duck Industry Profile

The Philippine duck industry is valued at Php 5.1 billion, and it serves as a source of livelihood for more than 500 thousand families. The products from ducks are duck eggs and duck meat. For duck egg products, there are balut which is a boiled fertilized duck egg with a nearly-developed embryo, penoy which is an unfertilized duck egg, and salted egg which is produced by soaking duck eggs in brine. For duck meat, there are pekin, muscovy and culled layers.

A total of 11.8 million of duck inventory was reported by PSA for 2020, from which 7.8 million were grown in backyard farms and 4 million were grown in commercial farms. Central Luzon is the leading duck producing region with a total of 4 million ducks with 2.8 million are from commercial farms. The other leading regions are Soccsksargen, Western Visayas, and Calabarzon. The top region for duck eggs is still Central Luzon with 22,435 out of the country’s total of 50,484 duck eggs. Western Visayas and Northern Mindanao are the other top producing regions of duck eggs.

Problems in the Industry

The Philippine duck industry faces the challenges of high cost of inputs and unstable prices of duck and egg products, limited performance testing of ItikPINAS in strategic provinces/regions, limited product innovations, limited balut product safety standards and protocols, and absence of legitimate local duck meat industry.

ISP for Duck

The PCAARRD Duck ISP has successfully developed three genetic groups of ItikPINAS (IP), namely IP-Itim,
IP-Khahi and IP-Kayumanggi and has established breeder multiplier farms in CLSU, BAI-NSPRDC, WVSU,
WMSU and DA RFO X1. Going forward, Duck ISP aims to increase average egg production, develop signature Philippine meat-type duck breeding populations, increase local duck meat production, and utilize duck meat production technologies by the private sector.

Strategic R&D

Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits


Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources

Salted egg w/ longer shelf life

UPLB together with the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD) developed a special film preservative developed from...

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Spray-dried salted duck egg powder

The Spray-dried salted duck egg powder not only offers flavor but also provides product innovations in the market. Spray-dried salted duck egg powders are lighter in color and have finer...

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Balut vending machine

The balut vending machine is an egg vending machine that is fully automated, equipped with a heating system. The goal is to increase the marketability of duck eggs across the...

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Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities

Infrastructure Development

Manpower Development

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
and investments

Competitiveness of Philippine Duck Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community

The study revealed that layer duck is neither competitive in the export trade scenario nor in the import substitution scenario. The Philippine layer duck is not seen as competitive in the international market. Furthermore, the cost of production of layer duck in the Philippines is higher compared to other countries.


Andal, E. G., Lapiña, G. F., Manalo, N. Q., Dorado, R. A. Valientes, R. M., & Cruz, M. B. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Sectors. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)