Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform

Mango Industry Profile

Mango, locally known as “mangga” and scientifically named Mangifera indica L., is the Philippines’ national fruit. It is also the third most important fruit crop based on export volume in the Philippines, next to banana and pineapple. The Philippines ranks 10th among the top producers of mango in the world with a 2.5% share in production (FAO  2014). Based on the data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), as of 2021, Ilocos Region remained the top mango producer with 124.68 thousand metric tons, contributing 22.4 percent to the national production, followed by SOCCSKSARGEN and Zamboanga Peninsula, which both shared 9.8 percent to the national output. With a very high potential as a fresh or processed export product to other untapped export destinations, ‘Carabao’ mango is a wide variety, with 450.48 thousand metric tons produced from April to June 2021, accounting for 80.9 percent of the total production in the Philippines. 

Problems in the Industry

The mango production in the Philippines is still constrained by several problems that limit its full potential. These include impacts of climate change, pests and diseases, poor nutrition, low adoption of improved technologies, post-harvest losses that cause substantial reduction in fruit yield and quality, and lack of government regulations, reforms, and support. 

The industry faces pests and diseases such as mango twig borer (MTB), a significant insect pest in mango orchards. Other pests and diseases include scab, anthracnose, and stem-end rot. Mango scab is caused by fungal pathogen, initially present as small dark brown or gray spots on the underside of leaves or fruit, developing a velvety or cracked texture in the center of the lesion over time. It infects young fruit, twigs, leaves, and blossom spikes. Anthracnose and stem-end rot, on the other hand, are considered the most severe and destructive diseases of mango. Anthracnose infects almost all mango parts, including floral panicles, twigs, leaves, and fruits of mature and immature trees. Moreover, stem-end rot is a significant problem caused by fungi, limiting the storage of mango fruits and shelf life. 

Data Source: Philippine Statistics Authority. 1990-2022.


  • Volume of production of mango in metric tons (MT)
  • Area of production of mango in hectares (ha)
  • Yield of mango production in metric tons (MT)
  • Utilization of mango per capita in thousand metric tons
  • Value of Production at Current Prices in Million PhP
  • Value of Production at Constant 2018 Prices in Million PhP


  • Gross Value Added at Current Prices in Million PhP
  • Gross Value Added at Constant 2018 Prices in Million PhP
  • Gross Supply of mango in metric tons
  • Farmgate price of Mango’ in Pesos per kilogram
  • Retail Price of Mango in Pesos per kilogram

ISP for Mango

PCAARRD ISP on Mango aims to address the occurrence of pests and  diseases, poor nutrition, low adoption of improved technologies, and post-harvest losses by  providing science solutions in the form of S&T  interventions with corresponding resources to achieve  the desired targets.

Strategic R&D

Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits

Protein-based detection kit

A previous study developed a protein-based detection kit for identifying true-to-type Philippine “Carabao” mango using antiserum generated from protein markers....

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Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources

Technology Transfer Initiatives

Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of R&D and innovations are transformed
into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users

Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities

Infrastructure Development

Manpower Development

Capacity building on Farmers and Industry Encounters through S&T Agenda

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
and investments

Competitiveness of Philippine Mango Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community

The study shows that Philippine mangoes are competitive both under export trade and import substitution scenarios. This implies that the country must focus on its domestic production, not only because the country must satisfy the global demand and meet the required volume of exports for the Philippines to earn foreign exchange. The country will lose its export competitiveness if yield (4.79mt/ha) declines by 27 percent or if domestic cost rises by 51 percent. 


Lapiña, G. F. and Andal, E. T. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Crops Sector. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources

Effects of Transaction Costs of Technology Adoption in the Mango Industry

The survey results showed that among the three transaction costs in mango production, transaction cost for labor was much higher than the two other categories. Of all the recommended technologies, the highest average transaction cost for labor is incurred in pruning (Php 2,543), followed by bagging (Php 890) and pesticide application (Php 801). Highest amount of transaction cost for inputs is spent in buying fertilizers (Php 236). There is less transaction cost for marketing the products since many of the growers already have contacts or patrons already waiting for their produce.


Cuevas, A.C., Dorado, R.A., and Dionna II, D.L.Z. (2016). An Analysis of the Effects of Transaction Costs on Technology Adoption in the Mango Industry: The Case of PCAARRD’s Recommended Practices for Production and Post-Production. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Program Report)