Goat Industry Profile
The goat inventory in the Philippines reached 3.87 million in 2021, as reported by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). Central Visayas is the top goat producer, comprising 13.7% of the total. This is followed by the Ilocos Region with 12.7%, and Central Luzon and Northern Mindanao with around 10% each. Characterized by a very small population base, the Philippine goat industry is dominated by backyard raisers which comprised 98.8% of the industry, and only over 50,000 goats are grown commercially. The breeding of goats can be done naturally or through artificial insemination (AI).
There is an increasing demand for goat meat, also known as chevon. Compared to beef, pork and chicken, chevon is healthier, as it has lower calories, cholesterol, and saturated fat. Following the Philippine National Standard (PNS), the goat carcass is divided into six large wholesale cuts such as shoulder, rib, loin, leg, breast, and shanks. Chevon can be sold as fresh or chilled. If chilled, it must be kept at 0 to 4 degrees Celsius (℃) to prevent bacterial growth.
Halal principles are also being incorporated in some of the goat production in the Philippines. For a goat to be considered as halal-compliant, the halal principles should be observed in the whole process of the production. Halal principles are based on religious foundations and technical aspects of cleanliness, hygiene, and good health. This includes guidelines on strategic grazing, housing system, health management, and slaughtering procedures.
Problems in the Industry
The Philippine slaughter goat industry is beset by low productivity, stemming from farmers’ weak capacity to implement changes especially in smallholder farms due to limited knowledge on improved management options and lack of access to quality breeder bucks. There are also needs to improve natural conception rate, kidding interval, preweaning mortality, and slaughter weight. For halal goat production, more support services such as PNS and promotion modalities should be made available.
ISP for Goat
The PCAARRD ISP aims to increase goat slaughter weight and conception rate through both natural means and AI. Also included in its target outcomes are the improved availability of breeding true-to-type local signature goats and of authentic halal-compliant goats, as well as feed and food products and goat-based enterprises.
Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits
Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources
One critical control point that contributed to low conception rates among artificially inseminated goats is the timing of insemination. Usually, breeders rely on behavioral changes used during natural breeding but...Read More
Technology Transfer Initiatives
Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of R&D and innovations are transformed
into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users
Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities
Policy Research & Advocacy
Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
Competitiveness of Philippine Slaughter Goat Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community
The Philippines slaughter goat meat production was found to be competitive in both export trade and import substitution scenarios. As competitive in the export trade, exporting Philippine slaughter goat meat can contribute to foreign exchange earnings of the country. Producing slaughter goat domestically was also found to be cheaper and can compete with imported slaughter goat meat, hence Philippine slaughter goat meat is competitive in the import substitution scenario.
Andal, E. G., Lapiña, G. F., Manalo, N. Q., Dorado, R. A. Valientes, R. M., & Cruz, M. B. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Sectors. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)