Goat Industry Profile
The goat inventory in the Philippines reached 3.87 million in 2021, as reported by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Central Visayas is the top goat producer, comprising 13.7% of the total. This is followed by the Ilocos Region with 12.7%, and Central Luzon and Northern Mindanao with around 10% each. Characterized by a very small population base, the Philippine goat industry is dominated by backyard raisers which comprised 98.8% of the industry, and only over 50 thousand goats are grown commercially. The breeding of goats can be done naturally or through artificial insemination.
There is an increasing demand for goat meat, also known as chevon. Compared to beef, pork and chicken, chevon is healthier, as it has lower calories, cholesterol and saturated fat. The goat carcass, following the Philippine National Standard, is divided into six large wholesale cuts such as shoulder, rib, loin, leg, breast and shanks. Chevon can be sold as fresh or chilled. If chilled, it must be kept at 0 to 4 degrees Celsius to prevent bacterial growth.
Halal principles are also being incorporated in some of the goat production in the Philippines. For a goat to be considered as halal-compliant, the halal principles should be observed in the whole process of the production. Halal principles are based on religious foundations and technical aspects of cleanliness, hygiene and good health. This includes guidelines on strategic grazing, housing system, health management and slaughtering procedures.
Problems in the Industry
The Philippine slaughter goat industry is beset by low productivity, stemming from farmers’ weak capacity to implement changes especially in smallholder farms due to limited knowledge on improved management options and lack of access to quality breeder bucks. There are also needs to improve natural conception rate, kidding interval, preweaning mortality and slaughter weight. For halal goat production, more support services such as Philippine National Standard (PNS) and promotion modalities should be made available.
ISP for Goat
The PCAARRD ISP aims to increase goat slaughter weight and conception rate through both natural means and Artificial Insemination (AI). Also included in its target outcomes are the improved availability of breeding true-to-type local signature goats and of authentic halal-compliant goats, as well as feed and food products and goat-based enterprises.
Halal Goat S&T Program
The potential of producing authentic halal goat is a niche that Region 12 capitalized on when it developed the halal...Read More
Signature goat for Cagayan Valley
To establish a functional slaughter goat breed for Region 2 that over time can be called the Cagayan Valley Signature...Read More
Goat AI Delivery System: improving the stocks without a buck
Enhancing goat farm production performance is critical for raisers in the countryside to increase their production volume and income. To...Read More
The FLS-GEM: an effective tech-transfer modality for improving goat farm productivity
Photo Credits: SRC-CLSU A notable project that brought the science of goat raising back to the consciousness of small and...Read More
Non-invasive heat induction techniques for goats
In the Philippines, female goats generally come to heat when the weather is cool and the days are short, that is, from September to February. The long period of anestrus...Read More
Development of a Wearable Goat Peak Estrus Sensor
One critical control point that contributed to low conception rates among artificially inseminated goats is the timing of insemination. Usually, breeders rely on behavioral changes used during natural breeding but...Read More
PregKit: Non-invasive pregnancy diagnostic kit for goat
To enhance productivity and upgrade goats in the countryside, PCAARRD in recent years has invested in the promotion of goat artificial insemination (AI) as an alternative to natural breeding. To...Read More
SemEx: a semen extender mixture for use with artificial insemination
SemEx is a powdered semen extender formulation that is used in artificial insemination (AI). It provides nutrients for the spermatozoa that a buck has ejaculated and buffers against changes in...Read More
Technology Transfer Initiatives
ISU IP-TBM Phase II: Patent Mining of Goat through Strengthened Isabela State University Intellectual Property and Technology Business Management Office
The project was implemented for 2 years (January 1, 2021 – December 31, 2022) by Isabela State University, with a total PCAARRD-GIA funding of Php 2,489,249.64. The project conducted a...Read More
Policy Research & Advocacy
Competitiveness of Philippine Slaughter Goat Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community
The Philippines slaughter goat meat production was found to be competitive in both export trade and import substitution scenarios. As competitive in the export trade, exporting Philippine slaughter goat meat can contribute to foreign exchange earnings of the country. Producing slaughter goat domestically was also found to be cheaper and can compete with imported slaughter goat meat, hence Philippine slaughter goat meat is competitive in the import substitution scenario.
Andal, E. G., Lapiña, G. F., Manalo, N. Q., Dorado, R. A. Valientes, R. M., & Cruz, M. B. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Sectors. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)