Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform

Climate Change Industry Profile

Climate change is a serious global concern that is considered to be a major threat to agriculture. Extreme floods and droughts, soil degradation, water shortages, and increased occurrence of destructive pests and diseases as a result of climate change adversely affect agricultural productivity and consequently, food security. These disasters also cost the country approximately PhP145 billion per year until 2050 (IFPRI, 2016). Out of 180 countries, the Philippines ranks 9th among the highest disaster risk indices worldwide (World Risk Report, 2019), which is a slight improvement from the previous years but nevertheless a call to strengthen the country’s climate change coping and adaptation measures.

With climate change, agriculture is much more erratic and riskier for farmers and fisherfolk. Farm level decisions cannot anymore be based solely on farmers’ past experiences. Through science and technology (S&T) interventions, farmers and other stakeholders shall be equipped with better decision making tools (e.g. what and when to plant) thereby reducing or avoiding crop loss due to extreme events. Moreover, alternative rehabilitation strategies aid in increasing the resiliency and adaptability of farmers and communities to changes in climate. The introduction of these strategies coupled with advanced and smart technologies shall help producers make informed and reliable farm level management decisions to cope with the climate change risks.

ISP for Climate Change

With S&T, farmers and other stakeholders shall be equipped with better decision-making tools and information such as when to plant, thereby avoiding or reducing crop losses due to extreme climate events thus increasing their resilience to climate change. The focus areas of the ISP for Climate Change include the following:

  • Mitigation and adaptation studies (including protected agriculture, vertical agriculture)
  • Development of smart farming approaches (including organic agriculture, integrated farming, ICT application) and other climate-resilient agricultural production technologies
  • Development of strategies/decision management tools for climate change resilient environment (e.g. farm diversification)
  • Enhancing sustainable development through lifescape-landscape approach

Strategic R&D

Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits

Technologies

Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources

Drought and Crop Assessment and Forecasting (DCAF)

Site-specific planting dates for rice and corn.  SARAI generated improved planting calendar based on different approaches (cumulative rainfall, yield probability, and rainfall probability coupled with crop yield simulation approaches; and...

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SARAI Mobile Applications

SARAI has developed the following mobile applications for easier access to information and technologies: BANATECH – a mobile app used to determine the harvest date of ‘Lakatan’ & ‘Saba’ bananas...

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Technology Transfer Initiatives

Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of R&D and innovations are transformed
into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users

Science and Technology (S&T) Action Frontline for Emergencies and Hazards (SAFE) Program

The SAFE Program is PCAARRD’s technology transfer modality to address social, economic and environmental impacts of climate change by enhancing the resiliency and adaptive capacities of social and natural ecosystems through the use of technologies to promote environmental conservation and rehabilitation. It provides S&T-based interventions to prevent or prepare for climate and environment related emergencies and hazards (E&H) in the AANR sector. This is PCAARRD’s direct contribution to disaster risk reduction and management as well as post disaster community rehabilitation and reinforcement in the country.

Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities

Manpower Development

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
and investments