Industry Strategic Science and Technology Plans (ISPs) Platform

Oyster Industry Profile

Oysters are considered as one of the most valuable bivalve mollusks in the Philippines. Aside from providing a decent income for shellfish farmers, oysters are known to be an excellent source of protein and minerals essential to the human diet. They are also popularly served in hotels and restaurants. The Philippines produced over 53 thousand metric tons (MT) of oysters in 2020, with its value reaching P1 billion. Bulacan is the top producer with a total of over 53 thousand MT. This is followed by Capiz and Negros Occidental with oyster production of 8 thousand MT and 1.4 thousand MT, respectively.

Oyster farming is considered traditional and conservative in the country as seeds are collected from the wild. Oyster seeds are collected during natural ‘spatfall,’ which occurs a few weeks after the onset of the rainy season when water salinity is reduced. Wild spats, which are oyster in larval stage, settle on oyster shells, coconut shells, bamboo, stones, empty rubber tires, and other hard materials. Oyster hatchery depends on the species to be produced, target production, geographical location and funds available. Some small hatcheries supply seedstock for their oyster culture operations, while other large hatcheries produce for their operations and retail to other growers. Spat, 2–3 millimeters (mm) in size, are produced in hatchery and nursery facilities. Further, bigger size spat are expensive due to the need to culture more and diverse species of microalgae for feeding.

Problems in the Industry

The Philippine oyster industry has limited seed stocks and sources of broodstock as spat are gathered from the wild. Data on the quality oyster varieties for culture is also lacking. There is a need to improve broodstock management and conditioning, and hatchery production to increase the currently low meat yield of oysters.

ISP for Oyster

The ISP on Oyster improves the local production and ensures safe and quality harvest through sustainable and environment-friendly culture technologies,  refined raft and longline culture, and pouch and tray methods. Farmers can now produce oysters weighing 75-90 grams within 7 months compared to the traditional method of 8 to 10 months. The identified growing areas for oysters in Capiz and Aklan through the R&D (where relaying sites are established) produce raw oysters safe for human consumption. Specifically, the Oyster ISP aims to:

  • Increase meat yield from 14% to 35%
  • Increase survival rate from 80-85% to 96-99% survival rate of farmed oyster
  • 50-80% increase in Philippine Oyster Production for domestic and export markets through the adopted refined culture technologies and established hatchery production

Strategic R&D

Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits


Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources

Pouch and tray methods

Tray Pouch The Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV), and SSU in collaboration with DOST-PCAARRD, improves local production and ensures safe and quality oyster...

Read More

Technology Transfer Initiatives

Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of R&D and innovations are transformed
into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users

PET Bottle

The PET bottles we used to collect spat are now being used in Palawan and Capiz, pouches were used by Prof. Capinpin in Pangasinan

Read More

Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities

Manpower Development

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
and investments

Competitiveness of Philippine Oyster Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community

Oyster production in the Philippines was found to be competitive in both export trade and import substitution scenarios. The Philippines’ oysters are competitive with oysters produced in other countries and exporting them can boost foreign exchange in the country. Further, the production cost of oysters locally is cheaper compared to the production cost of imported oysters.


Andal, E. G., Lapiña, G. F., Manalo, N. Q., Dorado, R. A. Valientes, R. M., & Cruz, M. B. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Sectors. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)

Scientists/researchers behind the R&D efforts, scientific knowledge generated and technologies developed under DOST-PCAARRD funded programs/projects

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center/Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC-AQD)

  •    Dr. Rolando R. Pakingking, Jr.
  •    Dr. Ma. Junemie Hazel Lebata-Ramos
  •    Ms. Jocelyn M. Ladja

University of the Philippines Visayas

  •    Dr. Philip Ian P. Padilla
  •    Dr. Jose P. Peralta
  •    Ms. Ernestina Peralta

Samar State University

  •    Dr. Ricardo T. Severo

University of the Philippines Diliman

  •    Dr. Deo Florence L. Onda
  •    Mr. Exequiel Gabrial S. Dizon


  • DA-Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources-National Brackishwater Fisheries Technology Center (DA-BFAR-NBFTC)
  • Agricultural Sustainability Initiatives for the Nature (ASIN)
  • Tambuyog Development Center (TDC)