Coral Industry Profile
Problems in the Industry
A number of coral reef areas are still considered to be Category D category (0-22% hard coral cover/HCC). There is a need to refine and validate coral reef restoration technologies, as well as develop standardized assessment tools and/or decision support systems. Currently, there are also limited studies on the assessment, mapping, and monitoring of fully formed reefs in shallow and mesophotic zones and limited knowledge on coral reef resilience to environmental stressors.
ISP for Coral
The ISP for corals aims to improve coral reef management for sustainable economic, social and ecosystem services such as fisheries, tourism, and coastal protection through the enhancement of culture production, restoration technologies, methods and protocols, and increase understanding of coral responses to threats. The program also targets to capacitate scientists on the use of standardized methods, tools and technologies for reef assessment, as well as to improve the country’s reef management to keep an updated status of the Philippine coral reefs.
Strategic R&D is DOST-PCAARRD’s banner program comprising all R&D activities that are intended to
generate outputs geared towards maximum economic and social benefits
Status of corals across the Philippines including endangered coral and coral reef species listed in the IUCN
DOST-PCAARRD supported the nationwide coral reef assessment in 2014, which assessed a total of 206 stations using hard coral cover...Read More
Biology and reproductive patterns of corals
The reproductive patterns of 18 coral species in Luzon, 13 coral species in Visayas and 11 coral species in Mindanao...Read More
Coral responses to environmental stress
The physiological limits of 17 selected coral species in response to ocean acidification, ocean warming, and anthropogenic nutrient-coastal acidification stress...Read More
Coral responses to thermal stress
Genetic mechanisms that confer stress susceptibility or resilience to corals was determined using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) technology. It was discovered that...Read More
Factors that influence coral population persistence to serve as a guide to resilience-based management and restoration practice
This project studied the genetic structure and connectivity of natural populations of representative coral species with varying dispersal potentials based...Read More
Understanding coastal acidification effects to corals and marine organisms
The Coastal Acidification Program generated information on coastal acidification as a contribution to justify the inclusion of coastal acidification to...Read More
Important reef fish functional groups in hard coral recovery
Community level monitoring programs remain as an important source of primary data that help researchers elucidate important processes in complex...Read More
Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency,
quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable
utilization and management of natural resources
Substrate Enhancement in a High Energy Environment
After a crown of thorns infestation in 2019 followed immediately by consecutive typhoon events, extensive rubble fields have developed in Apo Reef Natural Park which have become traps for recruiting...Read More
Reef BayBe: A Coral Reef Decision-Making Tool & Primer
The Reef BayBe (A Coral Reef Decision-Making Tool & Primer, is a software with a manual package that integrates quantitative data and experts’ knowledge using a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN)...Read More
Protocol on Reef Assessments
The protocol is a guide on how to conduct coral assessment from site selection to photo transect method to data processing. This is necessary to have a standardized method so...Read More
Culture technology for the production of corals for reef restoration
Culture technologies for sexually-derived coral propagules for reef restoration were developed and summarized in a manual entitled “Culture and rearing techniques of corals from larvae”. Results on the optimal size...Read More
A Rapid Assessment Instrument for Coastal Benthic Habitats (ARAICoBeH) System
A Rapid Assessment Instrument for Coastal Benthic Habitats (ARAICoBeH) System is a set of low-cost survey equipment that can cover huge areas of both coral and non-coral sites within a...Read More
Capacity building efforts of DOST-PCAARRD seek to develop and enhance the R&D capabilities of researchers
and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings
and development and/or upgrading of research facilities
The marine laboratory in Bolinao was upgraded to improve the aeration and cooling systems, filtration facility, temperature controlled room and mass flow controller.
Conducted 8 trainings on Coral Reef Assessment and Coral Taxonomy which trained 52 participants from 37 institutions in 14 Regions. DA-BFAR and DENR have started to train their staff with their own funds while the SUCs and NGAs/LGUs/NGOs have started to adopt the assessment protocol and new scales in their assessment activities and in developing their research proposal. The training aims to disseminate the know-how and technology on reef assessment and train participants in the identification of corals to genus level, at least.
(CBRACT project, Dr. Wilfredo Y. Licuanan/DLSU)
Conducted 3 trainings on Coast Erosion Management and trained 60 participants from 34 SUCs in 13 Regions to increase the awareness of tertiary education teachers/instructors/professors on coastal erosion in particular, and coastal hazards in general and to demonstrate actual beach erosion assessment and monitoring (BEAM) techniques.
(CEPA Project, Dr. Fernando P. Siringan/UPD MSI)
Conducted training on Benthos and Fish Assessments, and Remote Sensing and trained 25 participants from the Apo Reef Natural Park Protected Area Management Office (ARNP-PAMO) personnel and the Sablayan MENRO staff to enhance their management capacity.
(SMART Coral, Dr. Victor S. Ticzon/UPLB)
Policy Research & Advocacy
Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the AANR policy environment is conducive for S&T development
DOST-PCAARRD supported the nationwide coral reef assessment which assessed a total of 206 stations using hard coral cover and allowed the development of national and regional benchmarks, assessment scales and baselines for management-oriented surveys in the future and standardized protocol for reef assessment. These protocols were adopted by the DENR through the three BMB Technical Bulletins (Nos. 2019-03 on General Considerations for Coral Reef Ecosystems Restoration/Rehabilitation, 2017-05 on Guidelines on the Assessment of Coastal and Marine Ecosystems and 2019-04 Technical Guide on Biodiversity Assessment and Monitoring System for Coastal and Marine Ecosystems).
DA-BFAR has started to adopt the use of the protocol for reef assessment in all their regional offices through capacity building, wherein a total of 52 participants from 34 institutions in 12 Regions have been trained and published the policy brief on the New Scales in its Philippine Journal of Fisheries. Recognizing the need to conduct regular coral reef monitoring, DA also issued Memorandum dated 3 Oct 2019 on Visayas wide AFC Resolution No. 5, Series of 2019 “A Resolution Recommending the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) to create an Assessment and Monitoring Team to Conduct Periodic Monitoring of Coral Reefs”. The Red List of Philippines on corals was also updated as required by Republic Act 10654.
Further, based on the results of the program, the PCAF Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture and the National Fisheries and Aquatic National Resources Management Council (NFARMC) recommended to the Office of the President the amendment of Proclamation No. 2146 (Proclaiming Certain Areas and Types of Projects as Environmentally Critical and Within the Scope of the Environmental Impact Statement System Established under Presidential Decree No. 1586) to expand the scope of Environmental Impact Statement System and prioritize the maintenance and development of corals reefs in the country.
NACRE Program and CBRACT Project, Dr. Wilfredo Roehl Y. Licuanan/DLSU